Elements of CD+S Online Style
CD+S Online refers to the MLA Style Manual in matters of grammar, usage, and, especially, documentation; exceptions are described later in these guidelines. Please note that it is the responsibility of the writer to put the manuscript into our preferred style.
I. MLA Style
The essential difference between MLA style and others is its system of parenthetical documentation. This is what we are asking for when we request a conversion to that style: sources noted in parentheses within the text, at the first natural pause.
Sources are cited by author’s name (unless recently mentioned) and page number (unless recently mentioned). The title of the source is included only if more than one source by the author is being used in the article and only if that title has not been clearly and recently mentioned. The aim is to keep the parenthetical reference as clean and brief as possible while still identifying the source clearly. If you have information to add, you may use endnotes. Because of space limitations, however, we encourage careful consideration of their inclusion in your article. Use endnotes for 1) comments, explanations, or information that the text cannot accommodate, or 2) a listing of several sources or comments on the source(s).
The parenthetical references are then keyed to a Works Cited list at the end of the article.
Pointers for the CD+S Online version of MLA Style:
In the parenthetical reference, use only what is needed for readers’ clear understanding of the source. They will refer to the Works Cited section for details.
- In the Works Cited section, abbreviate publishers’ names as far as possible. For example, use “Chicago: UCP,” instead of “Chicago: U Chicago P” as MLA recommends. There is no need to state the name of the university if it is clear by the name of the city. Another example: use “Berkeley: UCP” since Berkeley is clearly a reference to a California university press. If the reader can easily deduce the name of the publisher from the city’s name, simply give initials. However, use “Philadelphia: U Pennsylvania P,” etc., for greatest clarity.
- When citing an article in an anthology, please remember to include page numbers in the list of works cited.
II. General Style Matters: Frequently encountered style and grammar points, with our preferences
- Articles from Country Dance & Song, CD+S Online, The Country Dancer and CDSS News should be cited like any other periodical source, with the author’s name and/or page reference in parentheses, and the full citation in the Works Cited list.
- Close up spaces around em-dashes.
- Do not use brackets around ellipses, as MLA recommends. For an ellipsis that signifies an omission within a sentence, space three points evenly (one space before/after each period); for an ellipsis that signifies an omission between sentences, use a period, space, and then even spacing.
Spell out all numbers under 10; thereafter use numerals. Use “’s” for singular possessive: e.g., Brian Jenkins’s tunes.
- Use “1820s” not “1820’s.”
- Use “morris dance” not “Morris dance,” unless the phrase is at the beginning of the sentence.
- Use “English country dance,” not “English Country Dance.”
- Do not italicize “CD+S Online.”
- Use “poussette” not “poucete" or any other variants unless it is in quoted material
- When you refer to the Country Dance and Song Society, the English Folk Dance and Song Society or the Royal Scottish Dance Society, use these full titles with the acronym in parentheses (CDSS, EFDSS, RSCDS) and thereafter use the acronym.
- In older quotations, please substitute an “s” for the eighteenth-century “long esses,” but leave other spellings, capitalizations and punctuation as in the original.
- Please check all quoted material and make sure you have quoted exactly; this step is particularly important as Microsoft Word, for example, thinks it knows better than you and will “correct” spellings without notice!
- You do not need to italicize foreign words that describe common dance terms (i.e., révérence, pas de basque, cinque pace) but follow MLA rules for italicizing other foreign words such as “non pareil” or “caro sposo.”
- We have a separate set of guidelines for notating dances; write to the Editor for details.
- Please use the so-called Oxford or serial comma: (I.e., “CD+S Online publishes articles that explore aspects of traditional music, song, and dance.”
III. Formatting the Document
- Format the essay in Times New Roman, font size 12.
- Justify the left margin only.
- Use one space after a period.
- Use the Tab key (rather than the space bar) to indent the beginning of paragraphs.
- Double space the entire document including indented quotations, notes, and the Works Cited page.
- Number your pages, but please do not include a running head with your name.
- To offset a long quotation, adjust the margins by ½ inch on each side. Please do not insert extra hard returns to achieve the same effect.
- To indent the items on the Works Cited list, please use the hanging indent function. Please do not insert a hard return and tab in the middle of the entry.
IV. Audio-visual Materials
- Images must be submitted as .jpg files.
- Musical clips must be submitted as .mp3 files.
- Video clips must be submitted as .flv files supported by Adobe’s Flash Player.
- Written music may be submitted in .pdf form at the time of first review. If the music is laid out using a musical formatting program, indicate which program. You may be asked to send a copy of the file upon acceptance.
- Permission to publish any copyrighted material or to obtain video/audio releases is the author’s responsibility. Copies of the permission releases must be sent to the Editor along with the final draft of the accepted article.
MLA Style Manual (our primary resource)
The Chicago Manual of Style (for points not covered in the MLA; for greater detail)
Webster’s New World Dictionary
The American Heritage Dictionary
The Elements of Style
Fowler’s Modern English Usage