Here you will find a varied, interesting, and informative set of web-based resources on square dance.
Thanks go to Nils Fredland for the development of this guide, with excellent input from Bob Dalsemer, Tony Parkes, and David Millstone. Their combined expertise is invaluable, helping us all understand the rich story of American square dance.
Click on the tabs below to read more in your area of interest, whether you are a dancer, caller, or organizer. Within each tab are accordian dropdowns to information in that category. Click on the accordian title to open the article; click on it again to close it.
First and foremost, square dancing is people; socializing, dancing, playing music, and having an experience together! It is a centuries-old social dance form with European roots, alive and growing in many parts of the world. Square Dancing has changed over the decades to fit the needs of the people doing it; this evolution tells a fascinating story, and points to a bright future for this flexible folk art form.
To learn about the nuts and bolts of what makes up a square dance, check out our overview of the various styles of squares you will encounter as you explore this set of resources. You can find additional overviews in the Wikipedia articles about square dance, traditional square dance, and modern Western square dance.
TRADITIONAL VS. MODERN WESTERN
There are two main branches of square dancing; traditional, and modern Western. Since the 1960s, the two branches have grown farther and farther apart. Some efforts have been made to bridge the gap between traditional and modern Western square dance, reflected by articles such as Explaining Traditional Squares and Contras to MWSD Folks, which describes the differences in choreography and community feel between MWSD groups and groups dancing traditional squares and contras. A Guide to Learning Western Square Dance for Traditional Dancers is a detailed description of how the dancing differs between MWSD and traditional forms, geared towards the traditional dancer interested in learning MWSD.
SQUARE DANCE HISTORY PROJECT
Dance history scholar, videographer, and traditional square and contra dance caller David Millstone has assembled an amazing team of consultants to create the Square Dance History project, a huge new (2011) undertaking with technological and hosting support from The University of New Hampshire, as well as artistic and financial support from Country Dance and Song Society (supporting traditional forms) and from CALLERLAB and Square Dance Foundation of New England (providing MWSD resources and support). This effort to tell the story of the North American square dance will appeal to square dance enthusiasts everywhere, and bring more cohesion and potential collaboration between the traditional and modern Western branches of square dancing.
People have different opinions about how square dancing evolved to end up where it is today. We encourage you to develop your own understanding of this fascinating journey! To get you started, we offer the following overview of the six categories of American squares that are represented in this selection of web resources.
A style of dancing rooted in the French courts and English high-society. Most traditional New England squares are in this style. The quadrille (upon which today's American quadrille style squares are based) was an 18th century French invention, but by the early 19th century these dances had swept both Europe and the Americas. The early quadrilles were five- or six-part, carefully choreographed sequences danced in four-couple square sets.
Some characteristics of American quadrille style squares:
- Danced in four-couple square sets.
- Typically danced in connection to the phrases of the music.
- Led by a caller providing prompts, as in a contra dance.
- Choreography includes courtesy moves (bows and honors), in addition to some standard quadrille figures like ladies chains, rights and lefts, half promenade, half right and left, etc.
- Long swings: 8 to 16 beats.
- Danced to a wide variety of music: tunes from England, Scotland, Ireland, New England, and French Canada.
OLD-TIME MOUNTAIN STYLE
Sometimes referred to as "Southern," this style appears to have developed in rural communities in the Southern Appalachian Mountains. Englishman Cecil Sharp came across old-time mountain style in Kentucky during the last of several trips to America between 1915-1918. In The Country Dance Book, part 5 (1918), Sharp published a description of old-time mountain style, and named it "Kentucky Running Set." There is no evidence that the locals referred to the dance this way; more likely, Sharp misunderstood someone talking about "running a set." Sharp asserted that the dances were English in origin, and pre-dated the quadrille. There are compelling arguments developed more recently (notably a 1969 article called "Appalachian Square Dancing" by Hugh Thurston in Northern Junket vol. 9 nos. 11 and 12, and by Lee Ellen Friedland in her article, "Square Dance," in The International Encyclopedia of Dance) that indicate Scotch-Irish origins, and also leave the door open for other possible ethnicities.
Some characteristics of old-time mountain style squares:
- Danced in four-couple square sets, or in a large circle of couples, depending on community: North and West of the Blue Ridge, the tendency is four-couple square sets; South and East, the tendency is a big circle of couples.
- Danced to the beat of the music, not necessarily connected to the phrase.
- A caller typically leads the dance. The timing of the calls is consistent from one dance event to the next, and is usually not affected by what is happening on the floor. The caller in old-time mountain style provides: the overall timing (including length of the figure, the swings, transitions on to the next, etc.); starting the dance and ending the dance; and entertainment (calls are expected and are as much a part of the dance as the music).
- Many figures have associated rhyming calls that have been passed down over generations of callers, musicians, and dancers.
- No honors, and no quadrille figures.
- Short swings: 4 to 8 beats.
- Danced to hoedowns (reels) played in the Appalachian style.
TRADITIONAL WESTERN STYLE
A style of dancing that developed in the Midwest and Southwest from the 19th century up through the mid-20th century. Figures in this style of square dancing bear a resemblance to old-time mountain style, because many of the early settlers of the American West came from Appalachia and brought their dance and music traditions with them. As more settlers moved West, a "new" Western square dance tradition slowly developed, combining elements of quadrille style and old-time mountain style square dance.
Some characteristics of traditional Western style:
- Danced in four-couple square sets.
- Sometimes danced in connection to the phrases of the music (as in quadrille style), sometimes danced to the beat rather than the phrase (as in old-time mountain style).
- A caller provides the directions for the figures of the dance, using the traditional old-time mountain style described above, but also incorporating quadrille style prompts and "sight timing" (watching the dancers, and delivering the next call just as the dancers are completing the previous move) to keep the dancers moving smoothly through the figures.
- The caller uses extra language to fill in the spaces between directions (often colorful rhyming language, not necessarily directive), commonly referred to as "patter."
- Choreography combines honors, some quadrille figures, and figures from old-time mountain style, as well as new choreography developed during the heyday of traditional Western style square dance (1935-1955).
- Short swings: 4 to 8 beats.
- Danced primarily to hoedowns (reels) played in the Appalachian style.
MODERN WESTERN SQUARE DANCE (MWSD)
Modern Western square dancing began in the 1940s, and overlapped in a twenty-year period of transition with traditional Western squares. During this transitional time, the hybrid style of traditional Western dance began to develop, characterized by all four couples in a square moving simultaneously. This resulted in the potential for more complex patterns; since the 1960s, the modern Western square dance movement has realized the full potential of that complexity by creating many new choreographic building blocks, and training callers and dancers, by way of a hierarchy of classes, to gain the knowledge necessary to navigate the ever-changing MWSD landscape.
Some characteristics of modern Western square dance:
- Danced in four-couple square sets.
- The role of the caller is more prominent than in the traditional styles described above. The caller creates the dance as it is called, and must match it to the skills of the dancers; a particular sequence of dance figures is not taught beforehand, nor can dancers anticipate the next calls.
- To help callers manage the increasing complexity in MWSD, a governing organization named CALLERLAB was founded in 1974.
- Dancers belong to clubs offering classes that allow them to progress through the various levels. Clubs also host dances that are for members only, as well as hosting larger events that are open to the public.
- In the last century a dress code was widespread, but has become less common recently. The most formal dress is known as "traditional square dance attire." For men, this used to call for western style shirts with string ties or bolos, and often cowboy boots. For women, the dress code has changed substantially over the years, but even now usually has a wide skirt, often with a full petticoat. The longer prairie skirt is becoming more popular today.
- Danced to recorded music, including both hoedowns and accompaniment for singing squares.
A relatively modern form of square dance, found all over the United States and Canada (except where old-time mountain style predominates) from the 1930s to the present. Singing squares use figures from quadrille, old-time mountain, and traditional Western styles; a figure is paired with a popular song, and the original lyrics are rewritten as directions for the dancers. This style has roots in 18th century European and American quadrilles, some of which were danced to the popular music of the day.
Some characteristics of singing squares:
- Danced in four-couple square sets.
- Danced to the phrases of the music.
- A caller provides the directions for the figures of the dance, sung as lyrics to the tune of the associated song. Depending on the local tradition, the caller might use prompting, sight timing, patter (within the structure of the melody of the song), or some combination of those three skills, to keep the dancers moving smoothly through the figures. It is common in traditional communities, where dancers know most of the figures by heart, for callers to simply sing the rewritten lyrics without regard to what is happening on the floor, and let the dancers adjust as necessary to keep the calls and the dancing in sync.
- Timing of swings vary: Northeastern singing squares tend towards longer swings of 8 to 16 beats; singing squares in the traditional Western style tend towards shorter swings of 4 to 8 beats; swings in modern Western singing squares tend to be only once around.
- Danced to popular songs from the late 19th century to the present.
"TRADITIONAL STYLE" MODERN SQUARES
Ever since modern Western square dance established itself as a unique entity in square dance culture in the mid-20th century, there has been a separate category of squares developing across the United States. "Traditional style" modern squares use choreographic elements and calling skills from quadrille, old-time mountain, traditional Western, modern Western, and singing square styles. In today's community dance culture, this style is often found at dances with a mixed program of contras and squares, and can range in complexity from very simple to very challenging. Thanks to groundbreaking callers and dance writers such as Ralph Page, Ted Sannella, and Gene Hubert, and the many others who are still living and actively writing new square dances influenced by traditional styles, there will be a supply of excellent material to add to the vast and rich repertoire provided by the square dancing's long history in this country.
Enjoy, and keep dancing squares!
In this section, you'll find links to organizations with resources to support the calling, dancing and playing of square dances. (MWSD) refers to modern Western square dance, (T) to traditional square dance.
|Country Dance and Song Society (T)||"For almost 100 years, we’ve been connecting people who are interested in English and Anglo-American traditional dance and music -- contras, squares, English country dance, morris and sword, folk songs, and the incredible tunes. We love what we do. We hope you do too."|
|Lloyd Shaw Foundation (T)||"To Recall, Restore, and Teach the Folk Rhythms of the American People."|
|Connecticut Association of Square Dance Clubs (T)||The Connecticut Association of Square Dance Clubs (CASDC), was established in 1964. CASDC is dedicated to supporting, improving and promoting square dancing in our area.|
|Canadian Old Tyme Square Dance Callers' Association (T)||"The Canadian Olde Tyme Square Dance Callers' Association was founded in Toronto, Ontario, Canada in 1954 by a group of callers interested in preserving, and promoting the traditional Canadian style of square and couple dancing."|
|Square Dance Foundation of New England (MWSD, T)||"The Square Dance Foundation of New England, Inc. was founded in 1973 by caller and editor of The New England Square Dance Caller Magazine, Charlie Baldwin and his wife Bertha. Organized as a non-profit foundation in Massachusetts, it has a membership of individuals, clubs, and organizations who care about our dance heritage of the past, and want to see it continue on as a living legacy."|
|CALLERLAB (MWSD)||"As a professional organization, drawn together by our love of the activity, we work to serve square dancing and associated dance forms by providing professional leadership, educational materials, and a common means for exchanging communications through a central office and a yearly international convention."|
|United Square Dancers of America (MWSD)||"The United Square Dancers of America, Inc. (USDA) was formed on June 26, 1981, during the National Square Dance Convention held in Seattle, Washington, and has grown to a size that approaches the representation of 250,000 dancers throughout the United States. USDA is an organization formed by dancers, for dancers, and is under the operational control of dancers."|
|ARTS-Dance (MWSD)||"The Alliance for Round, Traditional and Square-Dance (ARTS) is a newly formed entity that can better describe the diverse groups making up the 'greater' American Folk Dance community. ARTS will allow for more effective public education of the square dance image, and the health and fitness benefits of square, and related dances."|
The following has links to groups that promote or host traditional square dances. If you know of other groups that should be included here, please email the webmaster.
|Alaska Square Dance||Ketchikan||Alaska|
|South Windsor Square Dance Club||South Windsor||Connecticut|
|DC Square Dance Collective||Washington||District of Columbia|
|Monday Night Square Dance||Minneapolis||Minnesota|
|N.C. Squares||Triangle area||North Carolina|
|Old-Time Square Dance in Denton, NC||Denton||North Carolina|
|Old-Time Square Dancing in Portland, OR||Portland||Oregon|
|Seattle Subversive Square Dance Society||Seattle||Washington|
|Southern Mountain Square Dance||Blacksburg||Virginia|
|Square Dance Kalamazoo||Kalamazoo||Michigan|
|STL Square Dance||St. Louis||Missouri|
The details of the story of the North American square dance invite a great deal of speculation, and a fair amount of disagreement among the many people who care deeply about the activity. Note from Nils Fredland: "While I don't presume to be a scholar and expert on square dance history, I have developed my own understanding of square dancing's journey through time."
EARLY HISTORY & THE QUADRILLE
Square dancing is a social dance form with English, French, and Scots-Irish roots. Early four couple dances in square and round formation can be found in John Playford's 17th-century English dance text The Dancing Master. Another four couple square formation developed in 18th-century France, probably independent of English squares and rounds. This French invention, named the quadrille, is arguably the main predecessor to the North American square dance as we know it today. The quadrille, and quadrille-inspired forms, developed over the course of a hundred years or so, and by the mid-19th century had swept both Europe and the Americas.
- Quadrille Wikipedia entry — Overview on the development of the quadrille
- Some Notes on the Lancers, by Ralph Page — Discussion of a popular 19th-century quadrille form called "The Lancers"
- Edson H. Cole: Fiddler, Caller, and Dancing Master — Listen to several early 20th century examples of quadrille prompting by New Hampshire fiddler, caller, and dancing master Edson H. Cole. The site also includes brief historical background; Cole calling contras and other non-square formations, in addition to the quadrilles; and an interview with Kenneth Libby (conducted by Dudley Laufman), who attended some of Cole's dancing classes as a young man.
As the quadrille was gaining popularity in American cities and urban areas, a unique style of square dancing and fiddle music was developing in more isolated communities across the Appalachian Mountains of the American East. This style of dancing has many different names, including "Southern," "Appalachian," "mountain," "Running Set," and "old-time." Depending on whom you ask, Appalachian square dancing and old-time fiddle music have English, Scots-Irish, African, or other ethnic origins.
- The Origin of the Appalachian Square Dance, part 1 & part 2, by Hugh Thurston — An interesting and compelling theory arguing the Scots-Irish origin of Appalachian square dancing
- Square Dancing in Haywood County, North Carolina, by Phil Jamison — Fascinating article from the Old-Time Herald about the 19th and 20th century story of Appalachian square dancing
TRADITIONAL WESTERN SQUARES
The quadrille and Appalachian mountain-style square dance forms traveled with the settlers of the American West, and a new style of square dancing slowly developed combining elements of both forms. This new form of Western square dance (now named, by some, "traditional Western") eventually captured the attention of the American public, through the efforts of a young educator in Colorado named Lloyd Shaw. Motivated in part by Henry Ford's book, Good Morning — which was written to help revive the "old-fashioned" American quadrilles, contras, and couple dances that had been, by the early 20th century, largely replaced by the jazz-inspired fashions of the ballroom — Shaw set out to publish a book of traditional American square dances with a particular focus on collecting and documenting dances found in the American West. The book, Cowboy Dances, gave rise to Shaw's popular caller training classes, as well as his nationally-traveling teenage dance demonstration team, the Cheyenne Mountain Dancers. All of this energy and exposure led to a square dance craze in the mid-20th century, with millions of Americans participating in the activity on a regular basis.
- Lest We Forget: Henry Ford and American Dancing and The Dean of American Square Dancing: A Short Sketch About Benjamin Lovett, both by Ralph Page: A Short Sketch About Benjamin Lovett, both by Ralph Page — More information about Henry Ford and his dancing master, Benjamin Lovett
MODERN WESTERN SQUARES
This extraordinary interest in square dancing gave birth to the branch of the activity now named "modern Western." Many callers learned from Lloyd Shaw, then took their newly acquired skills and interpreted them for use in their own local communities. The 1960s and early 1970s saw a flood of new calls appearing as callers tried to outdo each other in creativity. It became difficult for dancers (and for other callers) to keep up with the vast number of new figures that were being invented; clearly, some effort at standardization was essential to support the continuing widespread growth of square dancing. As a result, the governing organization for modern Western square dance leaders, CALLERLAB, was founded in 1974. The original stated goals of the charter were: "To put the dance back into square dancing; establish standardization for calls; and provide adequate training for callers."
- History of CALLERLAB — More information about the transition from the Lloyd Shaw era to modern Western square dancing, from the organization's website
- Square Dance Foundation of New England 1960's Era Recordings — Listen to audio examples of popular callers from the early days of MWSD. Five of the callers included were charter members of CALLERLAB. These recordings made available through the meticulous work of Jim Mayo for the Square Dance Foundation of New England.
TRADITIONAL SQUARES TODAY
In the midst of the growth of modern Western square dance, traditional dancing continues to exist in many areas. Traditional squares have lately been experiencing a surge of interest as part of contra dance programs across the country, as well as in dance series devoted to old-time mountain style and traditional Western square dance. Traditional square dancing also happens spontaneously at gatherings with a music jam, eight willing dancers, and a caller to facilitate the action on the dance floor.
- The Dances in Bradford, NH (c. 1942),
- Duke Miller calling a Dance at the Peterborough NH Golf Club (August 20, 1965),
- Glenn Pease: Old-time Barn Dance Caller (c. 1973) — Three fascinating pages offering descriptions and audio examples of traditional square dances (which also include contras and couple dances) in New England in the mid-20th century, all from Walter Lenk's website
- Dare to Be Square — Blog post describing a recent (2011) old-time square dance in Hallsville, MO
- Reinventing Square Dancing — Recent (April 2011) NPR piece on the traditional square dance scene in Washington D.C. (make sure to scroll down to the bottom of the page to find the piece)
- A Grand Ole Time in East Nashville — YouTube clip showing a great example of a traditional square dance happening at a house party
There is a constant stream of new square dances being written, taking inspiration from both the modern Western style and traditional forms. In the contra and traditional square dance worlds, there is a blossoming group of young and talented callers and musicians, as well as a large population of young dancers for whom this activity seems to resonate. There is commitment on both the modern Western and traditional sides in supporting the growing interest in square dancing. With continued persistence, patience, strong leadership, and knowledge and respect for the roots of the North American square dance, there may be another square dance heyday on the horizon.
- A Brief History of Square and Round Dancing — A brief history of American square dance, with a particular focus on how modern Western square and round dance developed
- History and Heritage of Modern American Square Dancing — Website by the European Association of American Square Dancing Clubs; presents a summary of essays on the history of the American square dance (a selected few of which are offered as links above)
- Notes from Ralph Sweet's presentation at NECCA — Ralph's personal square dance history, as presented to the New England Council of Callers' Association in 2005: his evolution from traditional square dancer and caller; to MWSD caller; to active supporter, dancer, and caller in the contra dance revival
- This is My Square Dancing Life [pdf], by Bob Brundage — Wonderful book by this MWSD caller, with his personal account of the evolution of the American square dance in the 20th century
- Bob Brundage Interviews for the Square Dance Federation of New England — Read or listen to Bob Brundage's interviews of significant traditional and modern Western square dance callers, both active and retired
- The Lancers: Some Historical Notes, Part 1, Part 2, Part 3, Part 4, and
- The Lancers in Europe, all by Ralph Page — Five-part series documenting more information on the Lancers
- Quadrilles and Cotillions — Interesting discussion of the differences between Cotillions and Quadrilles, from the FIDDLE-L discussion group
- West Virginia Square Dances, by Bob Dalsemer, and
- Kentucky Mountain Square Dancing [pdf], by Patrick Napier — Two books from the CDSS E-Library focusing on communities dancing Appalachian-style squares
MODERN WESTERN SQUARE DANCE
- Western Style Square Dancing is in Trouble, by Ralph Sweet — Ruminations on the future of modern Western square dancing, excerpted from a 1965 book by Ralph Sweet (with a brief introduction by Clark Baker)
- Australian Square Dancing — A window into the influence American square dancing has had on the international square dance scene
- Northern Junket, Dance History Index — Links to all the Ralph Page articles mentioned above, in addition to many other fascinating articles and commentary on the history of American social dancing
- An Online Guide to Square Dancing — An introduction, history, overview of types of square dancing, links and general tips
This page has the following sections:
- Thousands of square dancers in Central Park, circa 1945 — New York City's Parks and Recreation sponsored a series of these Summertime square dances in four NYC locations, called by Ed Durlacher
- Pete Seeger with Margot Mayo's American Square Dance Group — Video from the late 1940s made by Margot Mayo's "American Square Dance Group" in NYC, featuring a young Pete Seeger on banjo
- Square dance promotional video, 1951, and
Notes on square dance promotional video, 1951 — A 1951 promotional video made by Bob Osgood in Los Angeles, CA for "Sets in Order," the national square dance magazine; Clark Baker has compiled some interesting notes from his research on this film
- Song: "Square Dancing's Calling Me" — Documentary film about the modern Western square dance anthem, "Square Dancing’s Calling Me," recorded by MWSD callers at the 1986 CALLERLAB convention in Baltimore, MD
- Not Your Grandparents' Square Dance — Documentary short about the thriving traditional square dance scene in Portland, OR; footage of various callers and events, and interviews with caller/organizers Michael Ismerio and Bill Martin
- Square dance at the Tractor Tavern — A 2008 traditional square dance at the Tractor Tavern in Seattle, WA, with commentary by caller Charmaine Slaven
- Square dance at HM157 — A 2010 traditional square dance at HM157 in Lincoln Heights (Los Angeles), CA, with multiple callers
- Square dance at Bell's Bend — A 2010 party at "Bell's Bend" in Ashland City (outside of Nashville), TN
- Square dancers do-si-do at the local library — A 2010 traditional square dance in Oakland, CA, with calling by Jordan Ruyle
- Square Dance at the Lakewood Community Center —A 2010 traditional square dance in Seattle, WA, with calling and additional commentary by Suzanne Girardot; footage also includes comments from organizer Catherine Alexander
- "Sail Away Ladies" host a Barn Dance — A 2011 barn dance at the New England Conservatory in Boston, MA, with calling by Will Mentor
- Let's Go! Episode TWO: "Old-Time Square Dance" — A 2011 traditional square dance at The Bishop Bar in Bloomington, IN, with calling and additional commentary by Michael Ismerio
- Square Dancing on the Ice - someplace VERY COLD — Impromptu square dancing on a frozen lake
- Community of the Square — The Monday night square dance in Minneapolis, MN, with voice-over commentary about the mini-community that forms during the experience of dancing a single square
- Quadrille Style
- Old-Time Mountain Style
- Traditional Western Style
- Singing Squares
- "Traditional Style" Modern Squares
- Collections for Further Browsing
|Plain Jane||Adam Boyce||Ed Larkin Dancers, Tunbridge, VT|
|Reuben, Reuben||Adam Boyce||Ed Larkin Dancers, Tunbridge, VT|
|Honest John||Adam Boyce||Ed Larkin Dancers, Tunbridge, VT|
|Quadrille||Library of Congress video|
|excerpt of figure no. 1 from Duval's Lancers||Dance Through Time video|
|Duval's Lancers, Nos. 1, 2, & 3||Quadrille Club video|
|Duval's Lancers, Nos. 4 & 5||Quadrille Club video|
|Big set||Stars, Birdie in the Cage, Duck for the Oyster, Chase the Rabbit||Bob Dalsemer||Cumberland Dance Week, KY|
|Big set||Stars, Basket, Birdie in the Cage||Falls Creek Falls Park, TN|
|Big set||Stars, Basket||Joe Sam Queen||Waynesville, NC|
|Big set||Stars, Birdie in the Cage||Beth Molaro||square dance beginners workshop, Clifftop 2010, WV|
|Big set||Georgia Rang Tang (aka Georgia Alabam)||Phil Jamison||John C Campbell Folk School, NC|
|Big set||Georgia Rang Tang||Midway Lake Music Festival, NWT, Canada|
|Big set||Georgia Rang Tang, Dip and Dive||Midway Lake Music Festival, NWT, Canada|
|Little circle||Stars, Georgia Rang Tang||Beth Molaro||Rockbridge Music and Dance Festival 2010, VA|
|Square||Chase the Rabbit, Pokey-o (aka Bouquet Waltz)||Bob Dalsemer||John C Campbell Folk School, NC|
|Square||Chase that Rabbit||Zach Hudson||house party, Portland, OR|
|Square||Duck for the Oyster||Jerry Gallaher||Darrington Grange Hall, WA|
|Square||Duck for the Oyster||Bob Dalsemer||Cumberland Dance Week, KY|
|Square||Birdie in the Cage||Bob Dalsemer||Dare to Be Square, Portland, OR|
|Square||Basket||Matt Cartier||house dance, Fayetteville, AR|
|Little circle||Basket, Rip n' Snort||Jordan Ruyle||North Oakland, CA|
|Square||Old Side Door, Stars, Georgia Rang Tang, Bouquet Waltz||Fred Feild||house dance, Tuscon, AZ|
|Square||Bouquet Waltz||Dave Snedden||Alisonville Hall, Wellington, Ontario|
|Square||Grapevine Twist||Kris Jensen||Albuquerque Folk Festival, NM|
|Square||Grapevine Twist, Duck for the Oyster||Fred Feild||house dance, Tuscon, AZ|
|Square||Swing at the Wall, Birdie in the Cage||Portland Old-Time Music Gathering 2011, OR|
|Square||Lady Round the Lady||Gabe Strand||Folklife 2009, WA|
|Square||Take a Little Peek||Michael Ismerio||Portland Old Time Music Gathering, OR|
|Square||Grandpa's Baby||Matt Cartier||house dance, Fayetteville, AR|
|Square||Cut Away Six||Bill Martin||Dare to Be Square, Portland, OR|
|Square||Shave 'er Down (aka Lady Walk the Circle)||Matt Cartier||Fayetteville, AR|
|Wagon Wheel||Ralph Sweet||Guiding Star Grange, Greenfield, MA|
|Wagon Wheel||Ralph Sweet||Powder Mill Barn, Enfield, CT|
|The Bachelor Mill||Nils Fredland||Guiding Star Grange, Greenfield, MA|
|Sally Goodin||Ralph Sweet||Guiding Star Grange, Greenfield, MA|
|Gents Whirligig||Matt Cartier||house dance, Fayettville, AR|
|Bend the Line theme||Bill Litchman||FolkMADness, Soccorro, NM|
|Scoot and Swing ("Cutaway six, and swing on the corner...")||Beth Molaro||Rockbridge Music and Dance Festival, VA|
|Ends Turn In||Phil Jamison||Georgy-Alabam Square Dance Weekend, GA|
|Allemande X||Nils Fredland||Spring Breakdown Dance Weekend, Columbia, MO|
|Mow the Wheat, Bouquet Waltz||Lisa Greenleaf||Brattleboro Dawn Dance, VT|
|Pop the Line||Lisa Greenleaf||Spring Thaw Dance Weekend, Toronto, Canada|
|Allemande Thar w/ bits from Arkansas Traveler||Bob Dalsemer||Dare to Be Square, Portland, OR|
|Divide the Ring theme||house party, Bloomington, IN|
|Plow the Row||Zach Hudson||house party, Portland, OR|
|Patter||Ted Lizzotte||MIT Tech Squares, MA|
|Patter||Ted Lizzotte||MIT Tech Squares, MA|
|Singing square ("New Attitude")||Ted Lizzotte||MIT Tech Squares, MA|
|Singing square ("Only You")||Bronc Wise||iPAC 2009, Bromstedt, Germany|
|Patter||Pat Barbour||Bluebonnets Squares, Houston, TX|
|MWSD Patter||Kappie Kappenman||dance with live music, The Aqua Barn, Seattle, WA|
|Trail of the Lonesome Pine||Tony Parkes||Guiding Star Grange, Greenfield, MA|
|Trail of the Lonesome Pine||Tod Whittemore||Ralph Page Dance Legacy Weekend, Durham, NH|
|The Auctioneer||Ralph Sweet||Guiding Star Grange, Greenfield, MA|
|The Auctioneer||Nils Fredland||Contra Dancer's Delight Holiday, Morgantown, WV|
|Listen to the Mockingbird||Lester Bradley||Wentworth, NH|
|Listen to the Mockingbird||Adam Boyce||West Newbury, VT|
|Just Because||Tod Whittemore||Ralph Page Dance Legacy Weekend, Durham, NH|
|Just Because||David Millstone||Scout House, Concord, MA|
|Down Yonder||Bob Dalsemer||Dare to Be Square, Portland, OR|
|Marianne||Tony Parkes||Guiding Star Grange, Greenfield, MA|
|Little Red Wagon||Nils Fredland||Guiding Star Grange, Greenfield, MA|
|Shindig in the Barn||Ralph Sweet||Guiding Star Grange, Greenfield, MA|
|Comin' Round the Mountain||Lester Bradley||Wentworth, NH|
|Red River Valley||Lester Bradley||Wentworth, NH|
|Duck for the Oyster, sung to "Jingle Bells"||Adam Boyce||West Newbury, VT|
|Maple Sugar Gal||Tod Whittemore||Ralph Page Dance Legacy Weekend, Durham, NH|
|Darling Nellie Gray||Adam Boyce||West Newbury, VT|
|Nelly Bly||Nils Fredland||Nelson Town Hall, Nelson, NH|
|First Two Gents Cross Over, sung to "Life on the Ocean Wave"||Adam Boyce||West Newbury, VT|
|My Little Girl||Adam Boyce||West Newbury, VT|
|Louisiana Swing||Nils Fredland||Contra Dancer's Delight Holiday, Morgantown, WV|
|Sioux City Sue||Adam Boyce||West Newbury, VT|
|Climbin' Up the Golden Stairs||Adam Boyce||West Newbury, VT|
|Smoke on the Water||Tod Whittemore||Ralph Page Dance Legacy Weekend, Durham, NH|
|Forward and Six and Back||Adam Boyce||West Newbury, VT|
|Grid square walk through||Can of Worms by Bob Isaacs||Bob Isaacs||The Dance Flurry, Saratoga Springs, NY|
|Grid square||Can of Worms by Bob Isaacs||Bob Isaacs||The Dance Flurry, Saratoga Springs, NY|
|Grid square||Balance the Grid by Bob Isaacs||Bob Isaacs||The Dance Flurry, Saratoga Springs, NY|
|Grid square||Maze of Heys by Bob Isaacs||Bob Isaacs||The Dance Flurry, Saratoga Springs, NY|
|Square||Do-Si-Do and Face the Sides by Ted Sannella||Tony Parkes||Guiding Star Grange, Greenfield, MA|
|Square||Ashley's Star by Bob Dalsemer||Sue Rosen||Fiddling Frog Dance Weekenend, Pasadena, CA|
|Square||Shooting Stars by Tom Hinds||Beth Molaro||Contra Dancers Holiday, Morgantown, WV|
|Square||Mount Pisgah Star by Gene Hubert||Lisa Greenleaf||Fiddling Frog Dance Weekend, Pasadena, CA|
|Square||First Night Quadrille by Bob Dalsemer||Adina Gordon||Carborro Century Center, NC|
|Square||First Night Quadrille by Bob Dalsemer||Jim Thaxter||Hallsville, MO|
|Square||Kimmswick Express by Gene Hubert||Nils Fredland||Lava Meltdown, Lava Hot Springs, ID|
|Square||Monkey in the Middle by Sherry Nevins||Michael Ismerio||Bishop Bar, Bloomington, IN|
|Square||variation of Deer Park Lancers||Beth Molaro||Rockbridge Music and Dance Festival, VA|
Want an even bigger selection of square dance videos to browse through? Here are some of the great collections I used to compile the above lists.
- Dare to be Square — various sessions from 2009 and 2010 (Tony Mates's videos)
- Square Ball, daytime sampler and evening sampler — Montpelier, VT
- Dan Freligh's YouTube channel — video footage of old-time square dances with caller Dan Freligh (OTM, SS) to recorded music in Saegertown, PA
- Fred Feild's YouTube channel — video and audio footage of traditional square dancing from Fred Feild (Tuscon, AZ caller and dance historian)
|Push Pa, Shove Ma (TW)||Caroline Oakley||Portland, OR|
|The Auctioneer (SS)||Nils Fredland||Montpelier, VT|
|Crooked Stove Pipe (SS)||David Millstone||Montpelier, VT|
|Two Little Sisters (TW)||Will Mentor||Montpelier, VT|
|I Don't Know Why (SS)||Nils Fredland||Montpelier, VT|