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Join us each month in song!
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Last year we designated 2016 our Year of Song. We chose it for two reasons: to honor the start of Cecil Sharp and Maud Karpeles’ prolific folk song collecting in southern Appalachia (1916-1918), and to look at how song serves CDSS's mission. This examination also begins a cycle of focusing on one or two genres at a time, as we identify community needs and allow for better use of our resources.

A special feature of 2016 was a monthly song. You'll find an archive of these songs below as well as new ones being posted in the months to come because we are continuing our Song of the Month through 2017!

CDSS’s song traditions are based primarily in the English and Anglo-American traditions—folk songs, ballads, sea shanties, rounds, songs with choruses. We also include spirituals, work songs, country harmony, African call and response, shape note and gospel, contemporary a cappella, and new arrangements of traditional songs. Our special emphasis is on community singing.

Lorraine Hammond, CDSS Board member and Song Task Group Chair, spearheaded our Year of Song efforts and oversaw 2016’s song selections. This year Judy Cook will be taking on that role. Our thanks to them both as well as to Caroline Batson and Lynn Nichols of the CDSS staff for shepherding them to our website.

Join us in song!


The Death of Bill Brown

Introduced by David Jones

David says: I learned this song from a recording by A. L. Lloyd, "English Street Songs," (Riverside, issued in 1956), an LP that I found in the $1.00 bin at Alan Block's Sandal Shop in Greenwich Village. The LP was reissued as a CD, "Ten Thousand  Miles Away" (2008). I mostly use Lloyd’s words which can be found on the website "Mainly Norfolk: English Folk and Other Good Music." Alongside, are Peter Bellamy's words which are just about the same. Also on this site is a video of Peter singing the song. The song has been recorded by Roy Harris, Peter Bellamy, A. L. Lloyd, and others.

The YouTube video posted above is an audio-only version of Peter Bellamy singing the song. And here is another fine version by Peter Coe: 

Song Notes:

Bill Brown TuneA ballad of poaching, revenge, and class warfare. Based on a true incident in Yorkshire in 1769, the story is set against the background of the "Enclosure Acts" (1760-1830). The Acts, which have been called acts of theft, caused common lands to be enclosed, to the benefit of the landlords and to the detriment of the common folk. The poacher, Bill Brown, was shot by a gamekeeper for exercising what would have been his rights before the acts. The poignance of the tale is that Bill Brown, The Gamekeeper, and the story teller (the avenger), knew each other, may have been friends, yet the gamekeeper carried out the task he was paid for. He shot Bill Brown.

David Jones is a South East Londoner, born in 1934, who has been singing the old songs for many years. Earliest remembered folksongs are the "Lincolnshire Poacher" and "The Farmers Boy," learned at school in the mid 1940s. He has sung in the USA more than anywhere else, but has made forays back to the UK, to Australia, and to parts of Europe. He has sung solo, and with a number of groups, and, on the way, has recorded several albums of folksongs. Now, he lives in Leonia, NJ, Gateway to the Golden West, with his wife  Louise, and tries to be involved as much as possible with the NYC folk music scene. He has appeared in a number of NYC theater productions to favorable reviews. His last local performance was as Alfred P. Doolittle in "My Fair Lady."

Lyrics from website "Mainly Norfolk: English Folk and other Good Music"

 A.L. Lloyd sings The Death of Bill Brown  Peter Bellamy sings The Death of Bill Brown

You gentlemen, both great and small,

Gamekeepers, poachers, sportsmen all,

Come listen to me simple clown,

I'll sing you the death of poor Bill Brown,

I'll sing you the death of poor Bill Brown.

You gentlemen, both great and small,

Gamekeepers, poachers, sportsmen all,

Come listen to me simple clown,

I'll sing you the death of poor Bill Brown,

I'll sing you the death of poor Bill Brown.

One stormy night, as you shall hear,

'Twas in the season of the year.

We went to the woods to catch a buck,

But in that night we had bad luck,

Bill Brown was shot and his dog was stuck.

One stormy night, as you shall hear,

It being the season of the year,

We went to the woods to catch a buck,

But in that night we had bad luck,
For Bill Brown was shot and down was struck.

Well, we got to the woods, our sport begun,

I saw the gamekeeper present his gun,

I called on Bill to climb the gate,

To get away, but it was too late,

For there he met his untimely fate.

Well, we got to the woods and our sport begun,

I saw the gamekeeper present his gun,

And I called on Bill to climb the gate,

And get away, but it was too late,
For there he met his untimely fate.

I know the man that shot Bill Brown,

I know him well and could tell a clown.

And to describe him in my song:

Black jacket he had and red waistcoat on;

I know him well and his name is Tom.

But I saw the man who shot Bill Brown,

I know him well and could tell the clown.
For to describe him in my song:

Black jacket he had and red waistcoat on;

I know him well and his name is Tom.

I dressed myself next night in time,

I got to the wood as the clock struck nine;
The reason was, and I'll tell you why,

To find that gamekeeper I did go try,

Who shot my friend, and he shall die.

So I dressed myself next night in time

And I got to the wood as the clock struck nine;

The reason was, and I'll tell you why,

For to find that gamekeeper I did go try,
Who shot my friend, and he shall die.

I ranged the woods all over, and then

I looked at my watch and it was just ten.

I heard a footstep on the green,

I hid myself for fear of being seen,

For I plainly saw it was Tom Green.

So I ranged the woods all over, and then

I looked at my watch and it was just ten.
I heard a footstep on the green,

So I hid myself for fear of being seen,

For I clearly saw that it was Tom Green.

I took my gun all in my hand,

Resolved to fire if Tom should stand;

Tom heard a noise and turned him round.
I fired and brought him to the ground,

My hand gave him his deep death wound.

So I took my gun all in my hand,

Resolved to fire if Tom should stand;

He heard the noise and turned him round.

I fired and brought him to the ground,

My hand gave him his deep death wound.

Now revenge, you see, my hopes has crowned.

I've shot the man that shot Bill Brown.

Poor Bill no more these eyes will see;

Farewell, dear friend, farewell to ye,

I've crowned your hopes and your memory.

So revenge, you see, my hopes has crowned.

I've shot the man that shot Bill Brown.

Poor Bill no more these eyes will see;

Farewell, old friend, farewell to thee,

I've crowned your hopes and your memory.


The Death of Bill Brown was published in Frank Kidson's book of "Traditional Tunes."

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Money is King, by Neville Marcano (a.k.a. Growling Tiger)

Introduced by Deborah Robins



Growling Tiger aka Neville MarcanoParticularly now, this calypso song, which was widely performed in the 1950s, is, sadly, still relevant: the story of how the underclass is invisible while those with wealth can “commit murder, get off free, live in the Governor’s company...”. I first heard this song performed on an album by the very young and wonderful Bob Gibson, a regular at my parents’ favorite local Chicago club, The Gate of Horn, and, later, by the composer, Trinidadian “Growling Tiger.” According to Gibson, who was a friend and colleague of mine, his travels to the West Indies in the 1950s gleaned many songs which he transported to the states, “Money is King” among them. The original lyrics differ from those recorded by Gibson in 1956, with Gibson opting to replace island jargon. Alan Lomax recorded Marcano singing his signature song in 1962. See below for the original lyrics and two performances by Growling Tiger, and then below that for Gibson’s lyrics and performance.

Tha Sneachd’Air Druim Uachdair (There is Snow on Druinoehter)

Editor's Note:

February’s song is a Gaelic song submitted by Sara Grey. It is a traditional song sung by Donnie Murdo MacLeod from the Outer Hebrides, and here's a recording made on Skye of Donnie singing it:

The January Man

introduced by Judy Cook

greenmanOur song for this month is Dave Goulder’s “January Man.” It’s a song of fine images, insight into human nature, and just a hint of mysticism. We’re invited to contemplate the ever-circling years and our place in them. Dave wants to be sure folks sing the lyrics as he wrote them, and I know I’m not alone in wanting to hear this song sung more; this should help.

Here are the lyrics, the musical notation, and a bit of information about Dave Goulder. I love Ed Trickett’s singing of this song: simple, unaccompanied, very accessible. You'll find a YouTube video (audio only) embedded below or at this link: https://youtu.be/ZJkAng-57gA

Lamb and Lion

introduced by Lorraine Hammond

mary azarian woodcut 2Woodcut by Mary Azarian; used with permission.Our celebration of this "CDSS Year of Song" has kept us singing, and our "Song of the Month" has been a meaningful part of that celebration — a great new CDSS resource for songs. They are archived here, and ready for you to add to your own repertoire, each one chosen by a singer who treasures the choice they offered.

We began our "Song of the Month" year with Brendan Taaffe’s elegant "May It Fill Your Soul," and we’ll close out the calendar with a round that speaks to the heart of this season, "Lamb and Lion." It is a round in four parts that I wrote one wintry season as a holiday gift to tuck into the cards I was sending. It has found its way into the new Rise Again song compilation by Annie Patterson and Peter Blood, and Sol Weber’s Rounds Galore

See the bottom of the page for the tab notation.

The audio below is from a recording by the wonderful songwriter and entertainer, Christine Lavin (with the Mistletones). Songs have an uncanny way of staying in circulation!

Farther On

Introduction by Katy German

fartherontunenotationClick on the image above for a larger image

One of my favorite things about the folk process is the way a song can reemerge in different forms over time. Whether accidental or intentional, changing some portion of melody or words can suddenly give a song new life and depth. This song is a beautiful example. The melody is a simple and beautiful 19th century hymn, with alternative words from Eastern Kentucky singer and storyteller Randy Wilson. Randy kept the melody and some of the poetry from the traditional version, but mixed in phrases and language to give it a more universal spiritual appeal. I first heard Randy sing his version of Farther On about a decade ago at Hindman Settlement School in Hindman, KY.  At the time I thought it was a clever rewording and recognized it's appeal as a soulful yet easy group singing option. What I have found since then, though, is that this is the song that rises to my mind every single time I am feeling discouraged or low on hope. It is a meditation for my soul when I am feeling derailed. I asked Randy what inspired this version and he replied, "I liked the chorus and wanted to make a spiritual out of it, with repetition so that folks could join in easily." I guess sometimes it's just as simple as that. Here is one of the traditional arrangements, along with Randy's alternative lyrics. I've included both versions so that the readers and singers can enjoy it in more than one incarnation. And Randy, thank you for this beautiful song.

Katy German is a CDSS Board member living in Asheville, NC.  She loves community singing and introducing children, families, and first-timers to country dance traditions. 

Skin and Bones

Skin Bones for Song of the Month tuneClick on the notation above for a downloadable PDFIntroduction by Lorraine Hammond, with Jon Pickow

October’s song will be a spooky one! I learned this long ago from Jean Ritchie, of Viper, Kentucky. I have sung it for hundreds of children, delighting as they jump, startle, and then collapse with laughter and relief. And grown-ups are not exempt either! Perfect Hallowe’en musical fare.

Skin and Bones has a venerable British Isles legacy. The Roud index at the Vaughan Williams Memorial Library lists more than sixty sources. One early print source is “Halliwell, Nursery Rhymes of England (3rd edn. 1843) pp.85-86, There Was A Lady All Skin and Bone.”

Canaan's Land

Interest in singing from the American “Sacred Harp” tradition has grown stronger in recent years, an awareness that is reflected in our selection for this month’s Song of the Month.

Introduction by Sasha Hsuczyk

101t Canaans Land tune notationClick on the image above for a downloadable PDF with notation and lyrics. The Sacred Harp is an American collection of hymns that has been continuously in print since it was first published in Georgia in 1844. Families of singers in many parts of the South have been singing from the book for generations, and today the Sacred Harp is enjoyed and used all over the U.S. as well as abroad. Part of what I think makes the book appealing to people from such a wide range of places and backgrounds are the universal messages that many of the songs express. As individual people we may lead very different daily lives, but as humans, collectively, we share a lot of the same emotions as we face the various trials of life. I find that singing from the Sacred Harp can offer a great deal of comfort, as well as a chance to empathize with others through song.

Farmer's Daughter

introduction by Sarah Jane Nelson

farmers daughter notationClick on the image above or below for a PDF
with both notation and lyrics.
Source: Max Hunter Folk Song Collection, Missouri State University

It was a challenge to pick one song (just one?) from the Max Hunter Folksong Collection, but "Farmer’s Daughter" swiftly made its way to the top of the pile. Harrison Burnett, who sang this song for Max in 1959 and in 1961, had the great fortune to be a "singing watchman" at the University of Arkansas where folklorist Mary C. Parler taught classes. Parler and her husband, Vance Randolph, were lifelong mentors to Max and often shared tapes and "informants" with him. Max visited Harrison at least twice, and got 16 songs from him.

Listen to Farmers Daughter, as sung by Harrison Burnett, Fayetteville, Arkansas on June 15, 1959. (Source: Max Hunter Folk Song Collection, Missouri State University)

Ladies Rejoice (a.k.a. The Ladies Drinking Song)

 

Ladies Drinking Song notationClick the image for a link to a PDF of the notationintroduction by Hannah Shira Naiman

July's song of the month is to be served with a slice of lime.

Ladies Rejoice (or The Ladies Drinking Song) was written over a hot summer weekend in Northern Ontario as Emily Adam and I nursed frozen cocktails by the lake. Emily and I were dancing on Toronto Women's Sword (TWS) at the time, and, as I recall, although the two of us had a decent repertoire of songs, we found that we didn't feel comfortable contributing during rowdy morris ale sings. All of the songs that we knew felt inappropriate―they were mostly about tragedy and love, and none of them rowdy. But as we searched for a peppy drinking song within the existing repertoire, Emily pointed out a lack of songs from the woman's perspective. True there are a few drinking songs with female narrators―but we didn't want to talk about love and marriage or sailing on the ocean, as many other drinking songs with female narrators did. We wanted to sing simply about the joy of drinking. And also dressing up―two things, I dare say, TWS does very well besides dancing! The team has since taken to singing this song as something akin to their anthem.

The Press Gang

the press gangClick the image for a link to a PDF of the notationIntroduction by Chris Koldeway

“The Press Gang (On Board A Man of War)” (Roud 662) is a song from the days when the British crown felt it could, in times of war, “press” into service anyone whom they deemed fit. (Or fit enough.)  Gangs of Navy officers and Seamen would, in times of war, scour the English seaside towns, and gather up as many men as they needed. In some cases, this was done by “the book,” and other times, by less scrupulous methods. In fact, the impressment of American sailors was one of the issues that helped us to enter into the War of 1812. The Mainly Norfolk website (https://mainlynorfolk.info/watersons/songs/themanowar.html), which is a great resource for British traditional music, quotes A.L. (Bert) Lloyd about this song:

“Rarer than a good song should be, this one. Sharp heard it, or three verses of it, in a Herefordshire workhouse (the workhouse was a great place to find singers in his day). Jack Moeran noted a fuller version at Winterton  Norfolk, and that’s the one Mike bases his performance on.  Moeran’s singer was James Sutton, nicknamed “Old Larpin”, from whom the great Sam Larner learnt a boatload of songs.”

Dancing at Whitsun

dancing at whitsun smClick the image for a link to a PDF of the notationIntroduction by Kim Wallach

We dance in the month of May with Morris and Maypole, so it is fitting that the song of the month be about Morris dancing.  Dancing at Whitsun, written by Austin John Marshall to the tune of “The Week Before Easter” or “the False Bride” was first published in 1968 in Karl Dallas’ book, The Cruel Wars, and first recorded by Shirley Collins in 1969 as part of the Anthems in Eden Suite.

Spring SH1991Spring

Introduction by Jesse P. Karlsberg
 
April’s song is an early nineteenth-century set piece for a cappella four-part harmony singing with a name and hymn text that evoke the warming weather, “vernal flowers,” and “warbling choirs” of birds that accompany this season of the year. SPRING was published, without attribution, in James M. Boyd’s 1818 shape-note tunebook Virginia Sacred Musical Repository as a three-part setting. It acquired a fourth part, by W. H. Swan, when it was reprinted in the 1848 Harp of Columbia.1 It sets to music the second verse of Charles Wesley’s eighteenth-century hymn, “The voice of my beloved sounds.” SPRING is best known today thanks to its inclusion in The Sacred Harp, the popular tunebook used at all-day singings and conventions each weekend across the United States and in about two dozen countries.

Bonnie Blue eyed Lassie score revThe Bonnie Blue-Eyed Lassie

Introduction by Robbie O'Connell

Our choice for March is a classic traditional Irish love song, “The Bonnie Blue-Eyed Lassie”,  presented here by Robbie O’Connell.

Irish traditional singer Elizabeth Cronin, also known as Bess, was born in 1879 and died in 1956. She lived in Ballyvourney, County Cork and was recorded by several song collectors in the late 1940s and early 1950s, including Seamus Ennis, Alan Lomax, Jean Ritchie and Diane Hamilton. She sang in both English and Irish and had almost two hundred songs.

paperofpinssmPaper of Pins

Introduction by Lorraine Lee Hammond

February’s song is a traditional children’s song that is fun to sing and easily turned into a game or simple theatre production. Good entertainment for a wintry afternoon.  Perhaps you know a version already. I learned this one from Oscar Degreenia when I was a child in West Cornwall, Connecticut. I give his verses here, but I have changed them many times through the years. I encourage you to do the same. This song is a great vehicle for banter and improvisation – friend to friend, parent to child, sibling to sibling. A simple song of bribery!

We kick off our Year of Song with "May It Fill Your Soul," a new composition from singer and instrumentalist Brendan Taaffe of Vermont.

     
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